Growing weed indoors is not at all difficult these days. There are lots of strains which are bred to give great results. And there are lots of options for grow methods and lights. If you have never grown weed indoors before you will be faced with a confusing number of options. In this week’s blog we will aim to focus on a few simple recommendations which will allow you to make a successful first grow indoors. You will be amazed how easy it is to grow top quality marijuana!
Step 1. Where to grow? One of the easiest ways to start is with one of the purpose built indoor grow tents available from proven vendors such as Hydro Lab and Secret Jardin. These tents are strong and can be assembled in a few minutes, they are light proof and come with all the necessary holes for cables and air extraction. These tents cost around €100 for a basic model.
Step 2. Growing in soil or hydro? Cannabis can grow in a massive number of different ways. Perhaps the simplest way is in soil. But it will grow well in coco fibre, clay pebbles, rockwool and any number of different hydroponic systems where there is no soil. So long as the roots get nutrients and oxygen cannabis will grow. It is called weed for a good reason !
In this week’s blog we will look only at growing in soil to keep things simple. Growing in hydroponic systems does give great results but the additional technicalities involving pH, electrical conductivity etc may be a bit confusing for some first-time growers. We will start by looking just at growing in soil.
Step 3. Soil quality. The simplest way to start growing is to buy a prepared specialist soil from companies like BioBizz, Canna or Plagron. This isn’t the cheapest way of getting started, but it is the simplest as everything is done for you, and you know the soil will give solid results. If you visit their websites you will see that they have soil for seedlings and soil to use when ‘potting up’ plants into their final containers. They also have additional soil additives which you may want to consider to maximise yields, such as extra nutrients for flowering. If you buy compost from the local garden centre then add at least 30% perlite in the soil to allow root aeration. If you can, add some worm castings or other light soil enrichers such as bat guano. There are lots of good books and growing websites which will allow you to get a little bit more information in your own language. But the easiest way to start is to get a specialist, ready-mixed soil and large plant containers.
If you use large containers, say 15-20 litres with a prepared soil mix you will have a very simple way of growing. You won’t need to worry about pH or nutrient deficiencies. The only thing you will need to do is water them lightly a couple of times a week and perhaps add a little liquid feed towards the end of flowering when the soil nutrients are getting depleted. The most common mistakes made by new growers are over-watering and over-feeding, both of these slow plant growth and limit your end-result.
Step 4. The growroom. Keep the temperature around 25°C. If it gets too hot (over 30°C) or too cold (under 20°C) you may start seeing slow growth and other issues. If you are growing in a tent you will need to extract the air from the tent. Air is removed by a fan which sucks the air through tubes (usually 100mm+ diameter). The air should be sent through a carbon filter to remove all traces of the characteristic cannabis smell. Finally the extracted air is vented normally outside or into a well ventilated loft. Pro growers will use ozone generators to remove the tiniest remaining canna smells. Growers that don’t take steps to deal with canna smells often wish they had. If you are growing indoors then you really must use carbon filters. Cannabis plants need a constant supply of fresh air to stay healthy and grow.
Step 5. The seeds. You have 2 choices. You can grow AutoFem seeds or traditional ‘photoperiod‘ strains. AutoFem’s take 70 days from sprouting the seed to harvest under a lighting regime of 20 hours on, 4 hours off.
Traditional strains are grown initially under 18 hours lights on/6 hours lights off. This is called vegetative growth; the plant grows leaves, roots and branches but no bud. Usually after 4 or 5 weeks the plants is switched to 12 hours lights on/12 hours lights off. This causes the cannabis plant to go into flowering and produce the buds we all love. Normally the flowering process takes around 9 weeks. The finished plant is cut down, the buds trimmed and dried for a few days. Normally people cure (or mature) the buds in glass jars for a month or two to get the best flavours and a great high.
Cannabis plants can be male or female, but only the female plant has the buds that you want. For that reason you are better off with feminized seed which will give rise to 95%+ female plants. Dutch Passion were the first to offer feminized seed back in the 1990’s and today feminized seed accounts for 97% of our seed sales. If you are new to growing, we would recommend a robust, forgiving variety such as feminized Skunk #11 for your first attempt. Skunk #11 gives great yields, a great smoke and is easy to grow. At €27 for 5 seeds it is the most affordable of our most highly-rated strains. This was our first strain to sell over 1 million seeds for good reasons.
Step 6. The light. Most indoor growers use HPS lights. These are a low cost and effective way of growing. LED lights have been improving dramatically in the last 2 years, but at around €1000 for a 300W system they are still a little too expensive for many people. But the results we have seen with them show that technically they are now really delivering excellent performance. If you buy a grow tent you will normally get a manufacturers recommendation about the size of lamp and size of extraction fan. The most common HPS lamps are 250W, 400W and 600W. The more power they have, the more light (and heat) they produce.
And that is it. There are countless ways to grow cannabis, but growing in premixed soil, in a purpose built indoor tent with an HPS light is one of the easiest ways to start. More advanced growers will tell you that hydroponic systems such as NFT and especially DWC (deep water culture) gives even better results than soil. If you are growing for the first time this year we wish you success !
February 10th 2012
Recent comments (105)
On 02-03-2012 at 22:14u J. C. Nilsson wrote:
Hello Joe ! Just have to write that it`s possible to buy a 300 W led with 3 W diod`s for around 250 euro from China incl. taxes. Led-grower.
On 12-05-2012 at 20:45u KG wrote:
Yes you can buy a 300W LED with 3 watt chips for around 250 euro, but there ar so many variables one must take into account. Lens angle, wave lengths, dimmable, warranty, chip maker. A top of the line LED will easily produce 25% more product. So bare minimum is 25% less production over a 5 year period worth buying direct from China worth it? And what if you have a problem, how long is going to take to ship it to China, have it repaired and returned. I am not going to plug the LED I bought here. I will say I am glad I bought a proven LED and didn't try and cut corners. My LED ROCKS!
On 15-07-2012 at 16:09u Wildman wrote:
What make and size do you use how many per plant ta
On 22-08-2012 at 23:54u Sott wrote:
How you doing buddy
I was wanting to grow advanced kaya 47 is it a smaller yeild and could you tell me the nutrients. For the grow bloom and micro
Or do I feed them ph water
keep safe and keep puffin your heart out lol cheers
On 06-09-2012 at 22:44u Bob 21 wrote:
just tinking of growing a few but just abit worried bout the electic bill going so high so what lights would keep it low
On 01-10-2012 at 13:00u Daniel Edwards wrote:
Hello. How do I time the 12 week cycle and know when they are ready? I recieved some cuttings but dont know how old they are. They look ready to harvest but want to make sure that its not to early or too late. I dont have a jewellers eye glass or a microscope to look through which has been advised on line really want the time to be right!! Thanks buddy.
On 25-10-2012 at 05:55u Marty wrote:
How do I know if I have a male or female plant and I wanted to know how long are you supposed
to "pinch" the plant. Thanks.
On 02-11-2012 at 06:12u Rod Ryan wrote:
Thanks need all the help I can get
On 08-11-2012 at 07:38u V.Aguaybana Santos wrote:
Have got started, but cant wait to get started. Just want to gather all the info that I can get,so that I get done successfully. Very axious lol
On 09-11-2012 at 02:29u Brandon wrote:
Inormative blog! I am just now deciding that growing is for me. I like how you broke it down "Barney Style". A great starting point. At first I didnt know where to start looking for information. I noticed your site doesnt make sales to the US so my research goes on.
On 09-11-2012 at 09:51u Jonno wrote:
i have bin given a weed plant that has allready grown its about 20 cm high an was just wondering were would i put it if i have not grown in my home b4
On 14-11-2012 at 16:04u Ashley wrote:
Hi I'm a first time grower u have any information on growing I just want to grow two little plants in my closet
On 14-11-2012 at 17:52u Monica Freeman wrote:
I am going to be growing for my very first time over this winter but I want to know what sort of watering or system I should be using without spending an arm and a leg. How do I ensure they are getting the proper amount of water. Should this water be filtered? Zeroed? Help in this matter would be AWESOME!
On 18-11-2012 at 18:50u Jorge uz wrote:
How long does it take for my first harvest.
On 21-11-2012 at 02:56u Donnie wrote:
I use 4 26 watt energy saving bulbs and they grow perfect plants. I grow about 8 plants at once and the lights are set for 16 hrs on and 8 hrs off. And it usually takes about 4 weeks till there ready to start budding. Then in takes around 3 to 4 weeks for them to finish. Unless u want to keep them growing
On 25-11-2012 at 11:52u Dev-o wrote:
On 29-11-2012 at 02:38u Jacob benton wrote:
Can i have a job! Sounds crazy but i would be honored. Im residing in puerto rico and im resigning from my job soon. 22 years old, ambitious as hell, and absolutely love cannabis. Probably get this a lot, but i have certain skills that could help your hustle
On 06-12-2012 at 02:04u Steve grier wrote:
Good afteroon, I am disabled from a spinal cord injury and the only product I can use for the pain is a Cannabis Salve. The only dispensary doesnot carry the salve as none of there suppliers will make. I would like to do this myself, but, it seems so complecated. How does one like me get started? I have a small room in my garage to use. Can I buy everything I need from one company person? I know this will be expensive, as I have no other choice, Thanks, Steve.
On 12-12-2012 at 20:26u Freeman wrote:
Which seed do you recommend to use as I want the best results in terms of weight when harvest?
My intentions are to grow about 12-13 "one bud" plants within 1 square meter (tent).
Howmany grams may I expect per plant? (considering I am using premixed soil and a little additional "food" when flowering and classic light/dark pattern)
On 13-01-2013 at 23:09u David garcia wrote:
love weed n learning new things about it. im always lokng to improve my growth knowledge so i can find a strain to help with my pains insomnia
On 16-01-2013 at 18:00u Bigbudsrob wrote:
What are the weeks of seedling and vegetative and flowering!
On 17-01-2013 at 10:47u Eddy | Dutch Passion wrote:
hi Bigbudsrob. Most home growers tend to give traditional varieties around 3-4 weeks vegetive growth under 18 (or 24) hours of daily light. Then they switch the lighting to 12 hours of daily light for around 9 weeks to allow the plants to finish flowering
AutoFem plants spend their entire 10 week life under a system of 20 hours of daily light
On 17-01-2013 at 20:29u Emma wrote:
Hey guys, just wanted to say thanks for such useful info. So many sites over-complicate things, give too many confusing options or just try and sell stuff along the way. It's been really helpful and I can't wait to get my grow on the go!! Cheers, peace out x
On 19-01-2013 at 18:10u JayJay wrote:
Hey my friends I have a question. I am growing an indoor plant in a closet and the closet is divided in two parts. The part below has the plant in vegetative
And the superior part of the closet has a small fan for ventilation. I was wondering if an extra fan is needed in the part below
On 24-01-2013 at 15:30u Bob wrote:
Hi I have just started using a flood and drain set up with glass wool blocks and it has just finished but it hasn't hint well. I have been given an aroponics stet up which is better.
On 29-01-2013 at 14:31u Bobby67 wrote:
Hellllz yeah. I can't wait to grow for the very first time. I hope it doesn't suck dick. I've never really had a green thumb unless I was breakin up budz.
On 07-02-2013 at 17:45u Dirk wrote:
I'm desparate to start growing, however I'm put off by the prospect of getting caught. How are most people caught ? And what are the best ways to avoid getting caught ?
On 15-02-2013 at 18:23u The growfather wrote:
People with big gobs get caught Dirk, Tell no one.
Can someone tell me why some auto strains have a rec of 12/12 lighting.
On 01-03-2013 at 21:09u Fred wrote:
nice info i am first time grower. with this info i think it would be good growing.
thanks so much for info.
On 14-03-2013 at 21:06u Zayne Holmes wrote:
On 24-03-2013 at 16:42u Rio wrote:
Hi what's the best bulbs an watts to use to bud :)
On 06-04-2013 at 09:18u Yelley wrote:
Hi I'm a first time grower, can't wait to get started just scared of messing up but with the info given I can't see me messing up to bad but we'll see!
On 20-04-2013 at 22:15u Alison Spikell wrote:
I'd like to continue to get more info.I have a medical certificate and just trying to figure out how and where to get started. I can use a dispensory or a caregiver for help, but that gets expensive. And I need to know what seeds to get for the
more medical, less high stuff.
On 22-04-2013 at 00:54u Kayla loves weed wrote:
I grow my own weed nd to say this stuff actually works, so heads up nd thanks for the steps , stoner4life
On 27-04-2013 at 05:42u HigherEssence wrote:
This is my first time growing and just doing my research makes me want to pull my hair out ( and I'm already bald ). I understand that it would be very beneficial for me to use a grow tent but can I use a LED as well with i?
On 01-05-2013 at 19:42u Just4me wrote:
TRYING TO GET ALL THE INFOR I CAN ABOUT GROWING INDOORS
On 03-05-2013 at 21:20u Sunny wrote:
can you please give me a good guide on buying nutrrients. from vegatative to flowering state plz thank you
On 09-05-2013 at 01:21u 420swagXb wrote:
damn i followed deezz instrutions & i got sum biigg a$$ trees i swear dozz trees got me hi azz phuck dis $#!+ really werkksss hahxb
On 10-05-2013 at 17:22u Mark wrote:
I\'m a first timer who has been left a tent and 600w HPS light etc so I\'m gonna give it a try. How many plants should I grow in a 1. 2 x 1.2 x 2 meter tent and would the 600 w Hps be enough for that space. Also do I need to veg with a metal halide bulb and if so how many watts?
On 14-05-2013 at 18:51u Allen wrote:
i have read all these comments but where do i see the answers ? and how ?
On 02-06-2013 at 18:04u Gstaa wrote:
1 seed per plant?
On 11-06-2013 at 16:15u Mitchellllll wrote:
Just about to plant the seeds
Need to know cause its not hot outside will they need to be inside ??
On 12-06-2013 at 02:06u Lee james wrote:
Hello guys i have a quick question i have my space and i would like to start growing but i wabted to know where should i get my seeds from
Thanks in advance
On 12-06-2013 at 13:55u Blazerboy wrote:
Spring and summer are ok to be growing in most parts of the world. It is important that you plants get enough sunlight, and do not freeze. If you are for example in Holland or the UK you can perfectly grow outdoors. But do choose an outdoor variety, such as Frisian Dew.
You can order your seeds directly on this website, or on any other website. Many websites are on the offcial dealer list, see the button on top of this page.
On 16-06-2013 at 15:29u Kevin marlow wrote:
just starting out and could do with all the help i can so plz give anytips or decnt web sight
On 20-06-2013 at 20:37u Dave wrote:
Iv got carbon filters for the smell but were my tent is going to be placed i carnt get a fresh intake, is there anyway around this?
On 22-06-2013 at 22:55u Kris wrote:
If anyone is looking for a more energy efficient alternative to lighting options a full or natural spectrum (natural better then just full but harder to find) is minimum 100w equivalent CFL bulbs. you can get higher wattage equivalents but just depends on size of room/tent/box whichever you are growing in. these bulbs run off much less power and produce very great results.
On 23-06-2013 at 06:52u Graeme wrote:
For all use that need information on how to grow get yourself the GROWING ELITE MARIJUANA the complete guide by Ryan Riley it tells u everything u need to know trust me u cant go wrong if u follow what he tells u
On 05-07-2013 at 23:07u Hades wrote:
Why arnt plants growing leaves on bottom? They 're wilting to brown all over.
On 21-08-2013 at 00:10u Jon wrote:
awesum site guys!!
On 29-08-2013 at 17:45u ROB wrote:
WHAT ABOUT CFL LIGHTING
On 01-09-2013 at 20:11u Jack1990 wrote:
Great guide. Thank you
On 15-09-2013 at 14:41u Gaz wrote:
how long do you leave the plants on 18hour for then how long on 12 hour,, thanks
On 24-09-2013 at 10:06u J wrote:
When plant first sprouts. How long do u kp lights on.. N how long of.. PLZ NEED ANSWER ASAP
On 24-09-2013 at 17:17u Homer williams wrote:
would like to recive your news letters if ok thinks.
On 01-10-2013 at 19:12u Andy wrote:
Hi I have never grown cannabis before and just wondered if I could grow a seed in normal soil just like compost if not could u advise me to the best soil I could buy and if u sell it
On 03-10-2013 at 06:38u Jay wrote:
Hi - Great site. I'm going to be a first time grower and I live in the UK. For family landlord issues I will have to use my shed in the garden. As we are coming in to winter I'm worried, would this be too cold for the grow?
On 13-10-2013 at 21:44u D Collins wrote:
First time grower wish me luck
On 14-10-2013 at 20:30u Paddybhoy71 wrote:
just starting my first grow with auto kaya 47 what would be the best nutrients and cycle to use at start of grow
On 24-10-2013 at 18:02u Lee wrote:
sure could use some info on growing some super silver haze, perp. jolly rancher,suger plum.
ty for the info. u guys do put out it Dose hlp
On 30-10-2013 at 05:39u IllestGrower420 wrote:
I need help on how many watt lamps to put untol of my seedlings and ho whigh asap please? aappreciate it.
On 05-11-2013 at 23:40u Kacra leigh wrote:
hi in uk can i use a grow tent in the shed when its winter the shed will be padded .gets cold here and when i turn the light on off for the twelve ours will they b ok cheers [site is sweet ]
On 13-11-2013 at 22:14u Ukno wrote:
why are my plants growing tall and skinny with just sprouts at the top they are falling over whats the deal?
On 23-11-2013 at 19:32u Newwtothis44 wrote:
Have hybrids under 1000w metal halide.....how long should veg before flowering?
On 28-11-2013 at 02:49u PLUDWIG wrote:
TRYING TO GAIN KNOWLEDGE
On 09-12-2013 at 06:17u Mike wrote:
Would like to grow my own but dont know where to start
On 29-12-2013 at 13:49u Steve wrote:
Hi, im going to start to grow weed for my self for the first time & need help with what to buy & where from, ideally i would like to get a tent 1 meter wide & 2 meter long, so any help would be great, thanks, Steve.
On 01-01-2014 at 12:35u Mark wrote:
Hi.can u reccomend a good grow book.and possibly a good guide for autofems .thanks
On 01-01-2014 at 15:38u Daniel wrote:
My plants have bern in for 3 mounths put them in 1st octobre . Most hairs have turned brown on the bud but new ones are coming on the bud shal i cut it down now or wait till they all go brown
On 05-01-2014 at 23:33u Ross wrote:
Was wondering if there is going to be any replies from all the comments above. I have only seen one reply. Reason i ask is because there are a few questions above which are the same question i have. If you could email me i would be very greatful. Cheers.
On 06-01-2014 at 12:51u Erfan021 wrote:
On 06-01-2014 at 16:57u Eddy - Dutch Passion wrote:
wow - lots of questions. Thank You
We try to answer the questions in two ways. Firstly, we invite you to read through some of our weekly blogs. Often these are about people that have grown their own pot, and many of the questions asked are covered in these blogs. Here is the link
Take a good look, there are lots of grow reviews and somewhere there will be the answers which people are looking for.
Secondly: Some people may need to buy a basic cannabis cultivation book (Amazon has plenty), or you may want to browse one of the many internet growers forums
On 12-01-2014 at 00:20u Curt wrote:
best way to grow a few plants at low cost in small home?
On 17-01-2014 at 21:41u Curt wrote:
best way to grow a few plants at low cost in small home?
On 20-01-2014 at 16:59u Weymon boyd wrote:
On 30-01-2014 at 10:52u Steamazoid wrote:
Love the site. Great work guys. SOG method for me.......
On 06-02-2014 at 14:08u Christina wrote:
i have a seed growin and i didnt no about the smell wile growin though do i have to use that filter thing or is there a easyer cheaper way?
On 07-02-2014 at 16:58u Imt wrote:
hi i just start to grow but i notice that even after 3 weeks my plant has stop growing. only 2leaves and nothing else.. please advice...thnx.
On 11-02-2014 at 02:49u Justin wrote:
How do I know when to flower my plants
On 20-02-2014 at 06:00u Andre Rochus wrote:
GREAT ADVICE. PLEASE KEEP IT COMING.
On 24-02-2014 at 20:43u Leelee wrote:
im a first time grower and have recieved cuttings potted and under way do i need to put my fan inside tent and if so how long feeding purposses can u tell me how often they have to b fed in early stages the plants r approx 20cm at the mo please advise thank uShSS
On 25-02-2014 at 04:22u Jon wrote:
Hey man I am a new grower and I have some questions first what is the waite for seedlings to go in the tent ? And can I use Epsom salt ? In my plants also what should I do if my leafs are turning yellow how can fix my plants and make the best of my sour candy and white widow I also have some NYPD
On 25-02-2014 at 20:56u Steve wrote:
I am a first time grower and need to know how often i need to feed my plants they are coming along nicely about 5 to 6 inches high but still in the germinating pots do i need to transfer to bigger pots at this stage as roots are coming through the bottom i have various feeds green dream grow and green dream bloom how often do i need to use these and at what ratio i would appriciate your help on this as i have 7 happy plants at present please advise it would help emmeslly as i dont want to lose my babies i have them in a tent plenty of light and fan on please advise thanks
On 03-03-2014 at 04:17u Al wrote:
why and how do I have male balls on a plant still under 18hrs of light? thank you
On 26-03-2014 at 17:43u Greg wrote:
Nice blog, but no answers to questions i can see???
On 29-03-2014 at 16:55u Bence wrote:
i love the site & would like to ask u how long i leave my light on ? i no its 18-6 then 12-12 but im meaning at the beginning my plant is on its 3rd set of leaves can u pls let me no ty 4 your help :) KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK :)
On 08-04-2014 at 23:08u Sweetp wrote:
What is the best watt bulb to use in a small tent for one plant?
On 13-04-2014 at 12:32u Damon wrote:
You leave the light on for 18hrs and then switch to 12hrs after a few weeks to start flowering.
More lighting info for marijuana growing can be found here http://www.marijuanagrowing.eu/tutorials/lighting-information-guide-t327.html
If you need more help with how to grow marijuana then take a look there. There is lots of info and help about marijuana growing
Thanks DP! Great page.
On 13-04-2014 at 17:29u Elfredo wrote:
On 19-04-2014 at 21:59u Rob wrote:
Hi there!! As a first timer I have only grown one plant from a random seed in normal conditions with unsatisfactory results...I would like to invest in this tent you speak of,the soil,etc etc with seeds,everything I need to get started..Indoor is what I'm interested in..But staying in South Africa how would I get all the goods I need over here? Any help would be appreciated..
Thanks in advance...
On 29-05-2014 at 02:54u Danny h81 wrote:
I'm a 1st timer how many plants per bulb 4 best yields. Thanks in advance
On 05-06-2014 at 09:44u Dineo wrote:
hi...i am 1st timer ,growing females only and indoor but dnt have any lights i only leave them next to the window for the sun ,,but they now have hairs on them....am i gonna get good results...thanks
On 15-06-2014 at 21:45u Sam wrote:
New grower here just wondered if sum1 could help me understand what I'll need for a easy grow on cheap budget?
On 25-06-2014 at 23:05u Kalle wrote:
Hi! We are thinking of growing indoor in a room with windows on all sides. We will have plenty of air and light but limited sun due to being in Ireland! Do we need to buy lamps or can we use normal light! How long will it take extra if you use only real light?
On 26-06-2014 at 19:42u Chilly wrote:
Hi. Never grew before but gonna. Could I grow 5 plants in a room. 3mx2m. With the wife not being able to smell it. Ps the rooms next door to our bedroom. Thanks
On 01-07-2014 at 18:58u Dwayne wrote:
How do I know that I have a female plant
On 09-07-2014 at 17:07u Ron cox wrote:
tis is great!
On 20-07-2014 at 02:31u Les Walker wrote:
First time grower ,how much will my electric bill rise?
On 04-08-2014 at 16:44u Dollard barriault wrote:
Love your instructions. Thank you
On 13-08-2014 at 13:59u Sipho wrote:
I want plant but i dont know how to start, i wana plant it in a spare bedroom, wht is needed?
On 14-09-2014 at 22:59u Cois wrote:
On 18-09-2014 at 23:07u Timothy Paul wrote:
I would like to grow in doors & the only thing i no is.what I just read can you help me?
On 11-10-2014 at 03:52u Mack wrote:
some 1 pls answer me soon ....i live al alone in bangalore and im kinda broke and cant afford all da fancy stuff like led lights and a grow room ..but from whateva i did smoke i saved da seeds and im dyin to know how to grow it being broke....im sure theres a way i just dono how..since im broke and lookin fo a job....im going crazy ...havent toked up fo about a month...GOD BLESS WHOEVA ANSWERS ME..im sereously loosing it..
On 10-11-2014 at 06:04u Scoobydubious wrote:
Do post to Thailand or not?
Oops........ just seen the FAQ -kinda answers me :(
On 11-01-2015 at 08:52u Stacey wrote:
Few time grower here and here is what I have learned, energy efficient CFL lights work well just use daylight bulbs for veg cos the blue and soft white for flower as they have a more red tint. Its okay to mix them and they seem to like them mixed. The more the better. Your light bill only goes up a few dollars. Soil is the most important make sure you use a good soil. Never use miracle grow. The bigger the flowerpot the bigger the plant the more buds you get. The best nutrients I have found is nectar of the gods. Its AMAZING! And half the price of some of the commercial brands like fox farm. If you follow the feeeding chart its simple and they will send you one when you order or you can get online. When its time to switch to 12/12 for budding make sure your 12 hours of dark is very DARK! Or it will switch back to veg. Always use superthrive no matter what nutes. Take your time and make sure its ready to harvest, if you harvest too early you lose some thc and its not as good. Take it slow and enjoy. Every grow makes it easier. Its called a weed for a reason. Its not hard good luck!